Panama: Central America’s hidden treasure

Transit the Panama Canal boat if you wish, but you will miss most of what this delightful country has to offer. Instead stay on land and discover something new up close.

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Panamanian dancer wearing a traditional pollera (Taylor)

PANAMA, August 5, 2017 — In the world of travel and tourism, most people probably know more about the Panama Canal than the country that links the Caribbean Sea with the Pacific Ocean.

Indiginous Embera people pole visitors to their village (Taylor)

Though tourism is still relatively new to Panama, it is country that has much to offer visitors with native crafts, friendly people and a rich history as well as being an environmental paradise.

Tropical splendor of Panama;s rain forest (Taylor)

Panama has more than 900 species of birds. For that reason alone it has become a major destination for bird watchers from throughout the world.


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Thanks to a rainy season that lasts slightly more than half a year, the tropical isthmus is a haven for plants and animals that is beginning to rival its Central American sister, Costa Rica.

Panama was originally inhabited by several indigenous tribes before the Spanish arrived in the 16th century.

Embera perform a native dance in their great house (Taylor)

One such group was the Embera-Wounaan people who were once called Choco. Today, the Embera live in small villages of 5 to 20 thatched roof houses along the riverbanks of the country.

Local crafts made by the Embera people (Taylor)

But tourism has even found a path to the Embera, who regularly pick up travelers along rugged, uneven shores of a river and carry them upstream in dugout canoes to experience their lives just as it has been lived for centuries.

Visitors leaving the Embera village and its thatched roof huts (Taylor)

Traditional crafts are on sale though this is not a place for bartering since prices are already inexpensive.

The Embera are a gentle people who are proud of their heritage. Translators explain their history to guests before a traditional fish lunch is served followed by a demonstration of native dancing.

The colorful clothing, though similar to what we would call our Sunday best, is primarily worn for tourists. When visitors are not around, the Embera prefer minimalism when it comes to garments.

Beginning of a Panama Hat being made from scratch (Taylor)

To truly embrace the country of Panama, it is probably wiser for travelers to visit the country by land rather than cruising through the canal.


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Not only will they learn more about the century old engineering marvel that is the Panama Canal, a project that has carried nearly a million ships across it waters, you will also learn about Panamanian craftsmanship which rivals that of artisans anywhere in the world.

Believe it or not this will become a Panama Hat (Taylor)

Begin with a demonstration of weaving a “Panama hat” which, by the way, has its roots in Ecuador. In Panama the hats are known as “Pintado.” Some people say the “Panama” designation was an American creation resulting from photos of President Theodore Roosevelt wearing one during the construction of the Panama Canal.

Delicate, intimate weaving (Taylor)

No matter. Panamanians are masters at the weaving process that creates the stylish hats. The quality is second to none and in a matter of an hour or less you can witness the completion of a hat from little more than reeds to the finished product.

Heads up, here’s the finished product (Taylor)

Traditional fine linen makes up the “pollera”, a lace blouse and skirt comprised of about 13 yards of material. Creating a pollera is a time-consuming art, which takes about a year to a year and a half to complete the entire ensemble.


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Needless to say this traditional clothing is worn during only the most special occasions.

Exquisite craftsmanship of a traditional pollera (Taylor)

Consisting of a ruffled blouse worn off the shoulders, a pollera also features a ruffled skirt on the waistline with gold buttons. Designs usually consist of bright colors with flowers or birds.

Young Panamanian girl watches her dress being made (Taylor)

There are two matching pom poms on the front and back, with four ribbons hanging from the front and back on the waist line. In addition, five gold chains drape from the neck to the waist and a gold cross or medallion on a black ribbon is worn as a choker.

When the skirt is lifted, it resembles a peacock’s tail.

Beautiful garments on beautiful people complete the ensemble (Taylor)

The hair is usually worn in a bun, held by three large gold combs with pearls that resemble a crown. Earrings are usually gold or coral and the slippers typically match the color of the pollera.

Quality polleras range anywhere in price from 10 to 16 thousand dollars.

Often this traditional clothing is worn in parades or native dances where the women sway gently while twirling their skirts and the men hold their hats in their hands as they dance behind the females.

There are several legends surrounding the origin of the name “Panama” but when combined, most Panamanians will say that the word generally means an “abundance of fish, trees and butterflies.”

Sloths are fascinating creatures for visitors to observe (Taylor)

Trees are indeed in abundance. It is possible to take a short cable car ride across a forested canopy where naturalists keep a keen eye out for wildlife that includes several varieties of birds, howler monkeys, and three-toed sloths.

Cross over the rain forest treeline in a Swiss made cable car (Taylor)

Another popular creature to spot is a capybara, a tailless rodent that is the largest in the world.

Dominating Panama’s geography is a spine of mountains that forms the continental divide. At 11,401 feet, the Volcan Baru is the highest point in the country.

The only missing link in the Pan–American Highway lies in the nearly impenetrable jungle between Panama and Colombia. Until 1903 Panama was part of Colombia.

Tourism in Panama is still in its infancy. Its people are energetic and friendly. Stop in for a beer and some ceviche and you will quickly see for yourself.

Don’t leave the country without trying some ceviche and beer

Transit the Panama Canal boat if you wish, but you will miss most of what this delightful country has to offer.

About the Author: Bob Taylor is a veteran writer who has traveled throughout the world. Taylor was an award winning television producer/reporter/anchor before focusing on writing about international events, people and cultures around the globe.

He is founder of The Magellan Travel Club (www.MagellanTravelClub.com)

His goal is to visit 100 countries or more during his lifetime.

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