WASHINGTON: The term Yellow Journalism has been around for a century at least. The earliest days of yellow journalism, now fake news, trace back to the sensational and often inaccurate newspaper blather of William Randolph Hearst, New York Morning Journal and Joseph Pulitzer, The New York World. At the time, The World was known as the leading journalistic voice of the Democratic Party in the United States.
There were many more outlets but Hearst and Pulitzer were the battlers for the gold medal as pseudo newsmakers of the day. The God Fathers of today’s Fake-News.
Mickey Dugan – The Yellow Kid
In the late 1890’s the Yellow Kid, the creation of cartoonish Richard Outcault was born. Considered the first commercially successful newspaper comic strip. It featured Mickey Dugan, better known as the Yellow KidOutcault drew this character for the New York World from May 5, 1895 to October 4, 1896.
The Yellow Kid, instantly recognizable by his oversize yellow shirt, gap-toothed smile and large ears, became a symbol of the war for the headlines between the Hearst and Pultizer newspapers.
Officially called The Yellow Kid in McFadden’s Alley
Living in Hearst’s McFadden’s Alley, the slum alley was typical of the time. The alley was always full of odd characters, mostly other children. The Yellow Kid, representing the underclasses, habitually spoke in a ragged, peculiar slang printed on his shirt.
Because of large immigrant populations unable to read English, Hearst believed that comics were key to selling newspapers. As a result, Hearst lured Outcalt away from the World by offering him more money than Pulitzer.
Occult and The Yellow Kid left Pulitzer’s World to join Hearst’s Journal in 1897. Occult’s job to create a weekly comic magazine, publishing cartoons in color as a Sunday supplement.
Pulitzer continued to run the “Hogan’s Alley” strip now drawn by George Luks. Luks was an Ashcan School painter known for his depictions of New York City street life. The humor and social commentary in Hogan’s Alley was aimed at Pulitzer’s adult readership and the series became a hit.
From yellow journalism circa 1890 to fake news circa 2019
Often with the growing profession of photography, the stories were accompanied by huge photos. The stories were frequently alarming, nudging readers toward hysteria and, as the case usually was, largely fiction.
Today its lineage has continued to other gold medal aspirants: The Washington Post, MSNBC, CNN, and others. All of these seemingly have the same policy of “hire anybody who can write anything, and will take a paycheck,” standards. But the gold medal remains in the hands of the so-called Gray Lady: The New York Times.
Frank Luther Mott identifies yellow journalism based on five characteristics:
- Scare headlines in huge print, often of minor news
- Lavish use of pictures, or imaginary drawings
- Use of faked interviews, misleading headlines, pseudoscience, and a parade of false learning from so-called experts
- Emphasis on full-color Sunday supplements, usually with comic strips
- Dramatic sympathy with the “underdog” against the system.
Yellow journalism has had its day reaching its pinnacle during the early 20th century. However, the seeds of yellow journalism have borne fruit growing into something that is best described as black journalism. Dark, damnable, monstrous journalism spewing from the wasting entrails of literary vermin like the New York Times.
New York Times – Fake News, Blake News, Wrong News
The New York Times is retracting a story written by two “journalists” about Supreme Court Justice Bret Kavanaugh. It is not only untrue but despite its position in the opinion section, the NYT, media and Democrats began treating the story as news. Despite that the written lie is really just the fanciful opinion of Robin Pogrebin and Kate Kelly as well as their employer, The New York Times.
However, as guests later on MSNBC’s Lawrence O’Donnell (another swell story-teller) Pogrebin and Kelly offered, not surprisingly, another opinion; that being that the editor screwed the pooch. Not our fault for calling a man a sexual deviant by accident.
The story that Judge Kavanaugh was indecent many years ago to a woman in the presence of others is garbage. The story not including the “fact” that the woman says she knew nothing of the incident. A fact conveniently left out by the NYT writers and editors.
This is not Hearst and Pulitzer yellow sensationalism. It is not even an honest mistake. It is vile contemptible despicable and if they had any, shameful. Why anyone takes this newspaper, unless they have not-yet housebroken puppies, is a mystery.
Or perhaps they enjoy fiction against nonfiction.
On the other hand, perhaps Pogrebin and Kelly should get a Pulitzer Prize. After all, he was one of the erstwhile disciples of yellow journalism—a daddy of today’s black journalism. Garbage for garbage.