The real jobs report: March 2014

Image by the author, compiled from March 2014 BLS data
Image by the author, compiled from March 2014 BLS data

SALEM, Ore., April 4, 2014 — The Bureau of Labor Statistics monthly jobs report for March is out. March nonfarm job growth was 192,000, and the unemployment rate remained steady at 6.7 percent. Job growth failed to meet economists’ expectations.

The buzz was that job creation would come in at a minimum of 200,000 total nonfarm jobs for March; some speculated 250,000 or even 300,000. Economists predicted the unemployment rate would drop to 6.6 percent.

Wild speculation was based on the mistaken belief that bad winter weather retarded job creation. Economists believed that better March weather would open the flood gates to major job growth.

That was not the case. Instead, in a surprise, job growth figures for January and February were revised upward by 52,000 jobs. With the revisions, job growth in February was higher than in March. The winter weather theory is busted.

The bottom line is that the U.S. economy remains in the doldrums. There is still job growth, but it’s sluggish. The number of unemployed last month actually increased by 27,000. There are 10.5 million unemployed, with another 10 million who are underemployed or who have given up entirely and dropped out of the workforce.

As it turns out, the giant payroll firm ADP was vindicated. ADP forecast March job growth at +191,000. Nobody believed them, but they hit the mark. ADP’s prestige for predicting future BLS job numbers just went up a notch.

The view from the White House:

While today’s data indicates that the recovery is continuing to unfold, the President still believes further steps must be taken to strengthen growth and boost job creation Jason FurmanWhite House Chairman of the Council of Economic Advisers, 4/4/2014

Furman is pushing administration policy. The Obama policy flavors of the month are:

  • Reinstate extended unemployment insurance
  • Raise the minimum wage
  • Pass the Paycheck Fairness Act

The Obama Administration has yet to explain how these things will put Americans back to work; the administration hasn’t had a real job creation strategy for five years.

Furman’s five “key” points this month are:

  1. The private-sector added 8.9 million jobs in 49 months.
  2. Job revisions are consistent with cyclical economic recovery
  3. Long-term unemployment is demographically like short-term unemployment
  4. Manufacturing hours worked went up 20 minutes to 42 hours/week
  5. March employment gains are about the same as the last few years

As usual, Furman pulls out the Administration’s favorite cherry-picked statistic – private-sector job growth – and waves it around like an American flag. He ignores most everything else.

Furman’s last four points are a feeble attempt to make a poor economy look decent. Furman hand-picked manufacturing hours to highlight because they are over 40 hours/week. He doesn’t mention that average private-sector hours for all workers is only 33.7 hours/week.

The rest of the story

Author: Annotated BLS LNS12000000 graphic
Author: Annotated BLS generated graph. Total nonfarm jobs still less than before the recesson

Here are facts the White House conveniently overlooks:

  • 853,000 fewer jobs now than before the Great Recession six years ago
  • 8.5 million jobs were permanently lost in the Great Recession
  • The rate of job creation today is slower than before the recession
  • Job growth is only slightly more than population growth
  • Labor participation remains stuck at its lowest level in three decades


Job growth is slower than before the recession. It’s only slightly above that expected from population growth alone. After six long years, the recovery is still agonizingly slow.

There are over 20 million workers unemployed, underemployed for economic reasons or who are so discouraged they’ve dropped out of the workforce completely.

All three pieces of legislation being pushed by the Obama Administration this month will cost more jobs than they create. Raising the minimum wage won’t create jobs. Equalizing pay won’t create jobs. They make life better for those that already have jobs, which is a good thing, but do so at the expense of creating new jobs for the unemployed.

Calling extended unemployment benefits job creation, like House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi does, is the most dimwitted concept of all.

Unemployment benefits were never intended to create jobs. By design, they help the unemployed hang on until jobs return. UI benefits are immediately spent, and that spending stimulates some job growth, but the only way it can create enough jobs to make any difference is if there are far, far more people out of work in the first place. Its a catch-22.

What’s needed is a real job creation plan. Unfortunately, the president and Congress don’t seem to have one.

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  • Brian18252

    I agree with J. Yellen (Fed Reserve) “the recovery still feels like a recession”. It is sad to see that many jobs being created are part time minimum wage at best. The government has been dishonest with the American people for how severe this economic downturn really was from the start. The “Great Recession” should have been called the “Great depression take II” If history has taught us anything about the last depression, it should have taught us that the recovery will take us up to twenty years to recovery. Quantitative easing certainly didn’t help the middle class by creating jobs. Quantitative easing merely prolonged the recovery with its excessive and aimless spending. Furthermore, Quantitative Easing has only created another bubble in the stock market. The middle class will be devastated again with loss of assets and retirement dreams when the next correction in the stock market takes place. Analyst predict a 50% to 65% percent correction when the house of cards falls.

    • Steve Davidson

      Nobel laureate Paul Krugman correctly describes the economy as being in a “jobs depression”.

      QE is very directed. Most of it is used to purchase mortgage-backed securities to boost home values and sales and recover lost wealth. Unfortunately, those securities are being bought from taxpayer-backed Freddie and Fannie!