MEMPHIS, TN: America has a great deal of problems with our environment. Coal, which can power our industries, isn’t a desirable fuel source, although it powers many of our power plants and industries, because of it polluting the air and land. Oil fits into the same category.
The Real Green New Deal: The problem at hand
Suburban. Industrial, and Agricultural waste is polluting our rivers, lakes, and oceans. Domestic municipal waste (paper, food, trees, cardboard, etc.) is overflowing our landfills creating noxious odors and leeching into the ground water and polluting. Vehicle CO2 discharge is pushing manufacture of electric vehicles (EV).
Current power for electric vehicles, industry and home heating is generated primarily by Nuclear (anti nuke power left), Coal (Pollutant),Oil (Pollutant),and Hydro (Insufficient capacity) and are not wanted. Solar and Wind are capacity limited by location and season. How are the solar and wind going to power everything? They aren’t!
Straining our systems with demand, waste, and inefficiencies
Population growth demands higher power Demands for industrial and commercial power, light, heat, and AC. Agricultural growth demands high volumes of water usage. Population growth demands high volumes of food and water usage. 3rd world to 1st world migration demands high volumes of Power and water usage.
These create enormous strain on public works systems causing high water usage with lowering ground water tables and lowering replenished reservoirs. Drought conditions in the US and other nations exacerbate the situation.
With inadequate or no water cleansing and storage there is failure to ensure adequate water consumption for agriculture and people. The key is to utilize nature, water and organic water plants, to cleanse the air, water and land and provide for water reclamation and storage.
The Real Green New Deal: Immediate solutions for today
The Real Green Deal (RGD) requires natural gas to be created from organic matter. RGD processes will capture and prevent the waste from land, air and water pollutants (power generation and agricultural, suburban, and industrial waste) from polluting our air and waterways.
It allows for the removal of CO2 and other air pollutants while oil and coal usage continue. It cleanses the environment from land, air and water pollution. Reuses the pollutants as plant feedstock to create viable products. Methane, organic fertilizers, fuel pellets, alcohol fuels and Carbon Credits. While creating jobs, food and energy security.
Market forces, Natural processes
These processes also incorporate the controlled farming and utilization of organic plant matter in fresh and salt waters. To create a renewable ongoing supply of methane and provide food security with organic fertilizers that allow oil to be used for other products. It also Augments stocks of oil and natural gas as it recognizes the need to use existing forms of energy as all forms of energy are needed for our energy needs.
Closing industries or regulating them to death is not the answer. It causes loss of revenue, loss of jobs, and a loss of small businesses that support the larger ones and their staffs.
Capture systems and that create jobs and revenue
We can use multiple types of Capture systems predicated upon the substances being captured at their source. Whether its airborne (paper, power, steel, chemical, etc.), water born (Chemical, food, beverage, etc.) or land based. (All organic material, including that originating from the municipal waste process, yard waste construction waste, etc.)
There are two key processes that remain constant for combating the environmental fluxuations, These are: Artificial Wetlands /Lagooning and Anaerobic digestion
Anaerobic digestion allows the Extract of viable raw materials (methane, fertilizers, fuel pellets and animal feed) from plant and other organic matter. Further thru the planting, Growth and use of saltwater plants, like Brown and other kelp. For harvesting and anaerobic digestion for methane, fertilizers, carbon credits, and animal feeds.
The capture methods, Lagooning, and Anaerobic digestion are discussed below
The process for the smokestack industries’ captures all the noxious toxins, previously released into the air, as a food-stock for aquatic plants. This permits the continuation of the use of oil and coal fired plants and of coal mining generating additional jobs. Industries impacted include paper, chemicals, power generation, steel/metal production, etc.
Smokestacks are redesigned to prevent toxins discharging into the air. Carbon pollutants discharge from the smokestack to a large continuously refilling water tank with an expanding elastic membrane. Seimens provides them with their anaerobic digestion designs. These allow for gas expansion while being combined with the H2O.
Tanking systems fighting environmental degradation
CO2 polluted water flows from the tank capture into large sealed tanks filled with marine plants and algae which extract pollutants through absorption of the CO2 through the plant membranes. The tanking process, uses a 4>4>3>3>2>2>1 tanking structure, recycles/reuses the water while adding more to augment any loss.
There is No air discharge of contaminants. Water is tested by chemists and biologists at each stage of tanking to determine: the percentage of carbon removed at each stage, whether further cleansing is needed.
If NO. Water recycled successfully for continued air pollutant capture. Stored for future use. Or water released into reserve reservoirs system for drinking, agriculture or residential work.
If YES. Water is rerouted for further cleansing through a 4>3>2>1 process. Aquatic plant nursery is created for replenishing tanks when plant matter removed.
Lagoons play an important role, as manmade or natural ecological self purification water treatment systems, reducing nutrient dumping in water. Artificial wetlands or lagoons may be created and used for air and water pollutant capture using water and aquatic plants which absorb the pollutants. Freshwater artificial lagoons for air and water pollutants cleansing. Freshwater artificial lagoons for water cleansing, reclamation and storage.
CO2, Nitrogen, Phosphorous, Ammonia pollutions that are captured, stimulate plant growth absorption in the plant membranes prior to discharge into the environment, for water storage or reuse. There are species of aquatic plants that are extremely effective in removing heavy metals and other contaminants from waste streams.
Lagoon Systems: Wetlands for removing toxic waste
Lagoon systems are used for: Removing toxic waste ( Co2, H2S, Carbon Monoxide and other air born toxins) from smokestack industries, Treatment of: Suburban, Agricultural and industrial runoff. Distillery, beverage and food processing, Industrial and chemical waste, Removes nitrogen, phosphorous, ammonia, magnesium, et al. Careful monitoring of flow rates and wastewater composition is required to ensure water is cleansed.
This process entails the use of manmade natural wetlands/lagoons or concrete, metal or glass structures over a series of lined pits or concrete tanks with varieties of floating water plants which capture the nitrogen, phosphorus, carbon dioxide, ammonia, and other toxins in the water.
Feedstocks and commercial byproducts
As plants reach an optimal size they will be harvested as additional feedstock in our end to end anaerobic digestion process. The harvestings is used for the methane creation as well as creating organic fertilizers, fuel pellets, an alcohol fuel or animal feed. The Lagooning process further allows the creation of carbon credits
The artificial wetland lagooning process is the primary focus for the removal of pollutants dumped into creeks rivers and streams.
Benefits of Lagooning Systems
Environmental – By providing a means for capturing and cleansing noxious gases prior to their release into the air (Clean Air). Provides for Odor Control (Clean Air). Provides a means for removal of impurities from water prior to releasing to the groundwater and estuaries (Clean Water). Prevents nitrate leaching into groundwater (Clean water).Provides for tipping fees (Company benefit). Provide for Carbon Credits (Company benefit)
Energy – By providing for Biogas creation and use as a Natural Gas. For distribution of processed natural gas through the national gas pipeline for heating and power generation. As a fuel for vehicles. As a fuel for cooking, heating (space heating, water heating, grain drying), cooling, and lighting to reduce operational costs.
For plant power generation through fueling generators to produce steam and electricity Generating Steam for: Facility and AD tank heating, Generate electricity for: Powering the facility and Selling back into the power grid.
Commercial products, job creation, and revenue
Organic Products by creating high ammonia and nitrogen fertilizers (organic solid and liquid) for a variety of agricultural, municipal, and domestic needs (crops, lawns, parks, sports complexes, etc.), Potting medium/bedding, Animal feedstock for feedlots supplement and for zoos, and Fuel pellets for sale to utilities and industries.
JOB Creation, including Construction and maintenance of the facilities to capture and process the pollutants, Acquiring the equipment from the vendors stimulates job growth, Ongoing Digestions operations – roughly 125 full and part time jobs per AD plant, and Sales of the organic products at an affordable price provides sales jobs.
Aquaculture (kelp farming) will provide planting and harvesting jobs as well as stimulation of sport and commercial fishing
The market for the products these processes will be generating is broken out into 3 major areas.
Natural Gas – The market for natural gas is huge within the US and throughout the world. Natural Gas will be sold directly into the existing natural gas lines for power generation and as clean natural gas vehicles continue to be produced, for transportation purposes. Currently prices for Natural Gas are depressed due to the plethora of natural gas due to discovery of trillions of cubic feet as a result of Fracking.
Fuel Pellets – Used in power Generation. As an alternate fuel the market is untapped
Alcohol Fuels – Used in power generation and as a gasoline additive. As an alternative to corn based fuel, the market is untapped
The market for organic fertilizer, in both solid and liquid form, is quite large. It is growing by between 15 and 20% per year. The market for these products encompasses large, small and specialty agricultural farms, tree and fruit farms, and nurseries.
It further encompasses golf courses. School athletic fields, municipal parks and residential communities. It will be sold in wholesale to large retail chains like Home Depot and Loews. It will also be sold to large and small lawn companies.
The market for Carbon Credits, is available to commercial and individual customers, who are interested in lowering their carbon footprint on a voluntary basis.
These carbon offsetters purchase the credits from an investment fund or a carbon development company that has aggregated the credits from individual projects.
Buyers and sellers can also use an exchange platform to trade, such as the Carbon Trade Exchange, which is like a stock exchange for Carbon Credits.
The Real Green New Deal: Business sense and modern markets
Currently there are six exchanges trading in carbon allowances: the Chicago Climate Exchange, European Climate Exchange, NASDAQ OMX Commodities Europe, PowerNext, Commodity Exchange Bratislava and the European Energy Exchange.
NASDAQ OMX Commodities Europe listed a contract to trade offsets generated by a CDM carbon project called Certified Emission Reductions (CERs).
The Target Markets, for these products would include: Federal Govt, State Govt, Natural Gas Distribution Companies, Agricultural Fertilizer Distributers, Home Improvement Centers, Nurseries, Municipalities and Parks and Recreation Depts., Education Facilities, Lawn Maintenance Companies, Power companies and steel chemical, paper, Beverage and food processing and other industrial companies
Sensible solutions are needed and necessary
As our world’s population grows, market-oriented solutions are needed to ensure that the environment we all depend upon remains sustainable. Municipal waste is getting out of control.
The coal and petroleum-based resources we have come to depend upon for industrial growth, electricity, and fertilizers do immeasurable damage to the air, land, and waters of our planet’s environment.
Water is crucial for our planets survival yet water pollution is increasing. Fresh water for crops and drinking is becoming scarce due to droughts and overuse.
The solutions identified will resolve this. These actions will ensure that America and the world will have energy, environmental. food and water security and bring permanent jobs to thousands.
Jim Berliner is the Chief Operating Officer of Delta Energy Systems in Memphis, Tennessee: A proponent of renewable energy resources that fight environmental degradation through market solutions and practical application of cutting edge technology. Seeking sensible solutions to challenges of environmental waste and energy generation. Email him at: [email protected]