Myth Trivia: Interesting facts about Supreme Court Justices

President Trump has nominated Judge Neil Gorsuch to replace Judge Antonin Scalia on the Supreme Court. In honor of this, Supreme Court Trivia about some of our past justices.

0
1524
Screenshot @CommDigiNews

CHARLOTTE, NC, February 1, 2017 – Being that today is February Fool’s Day and Donald Trump has named his first choice for the Supreme Court, it will serve us well to provide some interesting trivial facts about the highest court in the land.

From History.com, the Judiciary Act of 1789 is passed by Congress and signed by President George Washington, establishing the Supreme Court of the United States as a tribunal made up of six justices who were to serve on the court until death or retirement.

The first session of the Court convened in 1790, and since the United States was in its infancy, the practice of justices wearing wigs was still the custom.

William Cushing, Supreme Court Justice

When the court met, Justice William Cushing was the only judge who arrived wearing the wig he had worn while serving on the Massachusetts bench.

Justice Cushing received so much teasing from non-members that the custom was immediately discontinued following Thomas Jefferson’s remark:

“For heaven’s sake, discard the monstrous wig which makes the English judges took like rats peeping through bunches of oakum.”

The Supreme Court had no docket and made no decisions in 1790. When the capital was moved to Washington, D.C. in 1800, there wasn’t even a courtroom.

Congress provided a small chamber in the basement of the Capitol Building and the Supreme Court met there until the Civil War.

Melville Weston Fuller Chief Justice 1908
Justice William O Douglas

Chief Justice Melville W. Fuller initiated the tradition of the “conference handshake” in the late 1800s. Before being seated, each judge shakes hands with the others as a reminder that their opinions might differ but they share a common purpose.

Justice William O. Douglas served the longest tenure at 36 years and six months before retiring in 1975. John Rutledge was the shortest at a mere four months. He was appointed Chief Justice but was forced to step down when his nomination was rejected by the Senate.

Salmon P. Chase

The only Supreme Court justice who was impeached was Samuel Chase in 1805. The charges were dismissed due to political motivations. Some things never change.

Playing the numbers game, George Washington, as might be expected, appointed the most justices with 11. Not surprisingly, Franklin D. Roosevelt is the only president who comes close to Washington with nine appointments.

The reason being that FDR was re-elected three times which can no longer happen since the 22nd Amendment to the Constitution limits a president to two terms.

There have been two justices images featured on United States currency: Salmon P. Chase was pictured on the $10,000 bill and John Marshall was on the $500 bill until he was replaced by William McKinley. In 1969 denominations of such sizes were discontinued.

William Howard Taft

William H. Taft has two places in Supreme Court trivia. He was the only president who also served as a Supreme Court justice.

Perhaps even more amazing, Taft’s six appointments are the most ever by a one-term president.

Jimmy Carter makes up for Taft however, because the peanut farmer from Georgia is the only president in history to serve a full term without making a Supreme Court appointment.

As for age, the youngest member of the Supreme Court was Joseph Story at 32.

Joseph Story
Oliver Wendall Homes, Jr.

The oldest sitting justice was Oliver Wendell Holmes who served until he was 90.

Wrapping things up for Super Bowl Sunday, Justice Byron “Whizzer” White is the only justice who is a member of the College Football Hall of Fame.

By the way, in case you were ever curious, a 2004 study of the Supreme Court found that former Justice Antonin Scalia was the most humorous member of the court getting 77 rounds of laughter during oral arguments that year.

Justices Byron White, Antonin Scalia and Clarence Thomas

Justice Stephen Breyer was runner-up with 45, but poor old Clarence Thomas finished dead last without a single chuckle.

Justice Stephen Breyer

 

 

Bob Taylor has been traveling the world for more than 30 years as a writer and award winning television producer focusing on international events, people and cultures around the globe.

Contact Bob at Google+

Taylor is founder of The Magellan Travel Club (www.MagellanTravelClub.com)

Read more of What in the World and Bob Taylor at Communities Digital News

Follow Bob on Twitter @MrPeabod

Click here for reuse options!
Copyright 2017 Communities Digital News

• The views expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily represent the views of the editors or management of Communities Digital News.

This article is the copyrighted property of the writer and Communities Digital News, LLC. Written permission must be obtained before reprint in online or print media. REPRINTING CONTENT WITHOUT PERMISSION AND/OR PAYMENT IS THEFT AND PUNISHABLE BY LAW.

Correspondingly, Communities Digital News, LLC uses its best efforts to operate in accordance with the Fair Use Doctrine under US Copyright Law and always tries to provide proper attribution. If you have reason to believe that any written material or image has been innocently infringed, please bring it to the immediate attention of CDN via the e-mail address or phone number listed on the Contact page so that it can be resolved expeditiously.