History articles

Execution of Robespierre

Bastille Day: Celebration of an illusion of freedom

SAN JOSE, July 14, 2014 —  Today is the anniversary of the storming of the Bastille, a public holiday in France: ”Le quatorze juillet” (14 July), formally known as the “Fête de la Fédération”  (Federation Holiday). Today it is usually referred to as Bastille Day. The Bastille was originally a medieval fortress-prison that had often been utilized by

Emancipation Proclamation

Juneteenth is a celebration of freedom

WASHINGTON, June 19, 2014 –   The American Civil War devastated the United States, but in April of 1865, only days before Easter, Robert E. Lee surrendered the Confederate forces at Appomattox, in Virginia. On June 18, 1865, over two months after this historic event, U. S.  Army General Gordon Granger marched 2,000 Union soldiers into Galveston,